QEMU PCI test device

pci-testdev is a device used for testing low level IO.

The device implements up to three BARs: BAR0, BAR1 and BAR2. Each of BAR 0+1 can be memory or IO. Guests must detect BAR types and act accordingly.

BAR 0+1 size is up to 4K bytes each. BAR 0+1 starts with the following header:

typedef struct PCITestDevHdr {
    uint8_t test;        /* write-only, starts a given test number */
    uint8_t width_type;  /*
                          * read-only, type and width of access for a given test.
                          * 1,2,4 for byte,word or long write.
                          * any other value if test not supported on this BAR
    uint8_t pad0[2];
    uint32_t offset;     /* read-only, offset in this BAR for a given test */
    uint32_t data;       /* read-only, data to use for a given test */
    uint32_t count;      /* for debugging. number of writes detected. */
    uint8_t name[];      /* for debugging. 0-terminated ASCII string. */
} PCITestDevHdr;

All registers are little endian.

The device is expected to always implement tests 0 to N on each BAR, and to add new tests with higher numbers. In this way a guest can scan test numbers until it detects an access type that it does not support on this BAR, then stop.

BAR2 is a 64bit memory BAR, without backing storage. It is disabled by default and can be enabled using the membar=<size> property. This can be used to test whether guests handle PCI BARs of a specific (possibly quite large) size correctly.